Banking » Compare Banks » 1 Year CD vs 5 Year CD: Compare Rates
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1 Year CD vs 5 Year CD: Compare Rates

As of now, 1 Year CDs offer higher rates than 5-year CDs. Compare banks and credit union rates, minimum deposit, and early withdrawal rates.
Author: Baruch Mann (Silvermann)
Baruch Mann (Silvermann)

Writer, Contributor

Experience

Baruch Silvermann is a financial expert, experienced analyst, and founder of The Smart Investor.  Silvermann has contributed to Yahoo Finance and cited as an authoritative source in financial outlets like Forbes, Business Insider, CNBC Select, CNET, Bankrate, Fox Business, The Street, and more.
Interest Rates Last Update: April 15, 2024
The banking product interest rates, including savings, CDs, and money market, are accurate as of this date.
Author: Baruch Mann (Silvermann)
Baruch Mann (Silvermann)

Writer, Contributor

Experience

Baruch Silvermann is a financial expert, experienced analyst, and founder of The Smart Investor.  Silvermann has contributed to Yahoo Finance and cited as an authoritative source in financial outlets like Forbes, Business Insider, CNBC Select, CNET, Bankrate, Fox Business, The Street, and more.
Interest Rates Last Update: April 15, 2024

The banking product interest rates, including savings, CDs, and money market, are accurate as of this date.

We earn a commission from our partner links on this page. It doesn't affect the integrity of our unbiased, independent editorial staff. Transparency is a core value for us, read our advertiser disclosure and how we make money.

When it comes to investing money, a Certificate of Deposit (CD) can be a great option for those looking to earn a higher interest rate than a typical savings account. CDs come in various terms ranging from a few months to several years, and the interest rates and requirements can vary significantly depending on the term length.

In this article, we will compare the rates, minimum deposit, and early withdrawal fees of two popular CD term lengths: the 1 year CD and the 5 year CD. By understanding the differences between these two options, you can make an informed decision about which term length is best for your financial goals.

Compare 5-Year vs. 1-Year CD Rates: Which Is Best?

As we can see, most banks and credit unions offer higher rates for 1-year CDs than 5-year ones.  On the surface, it's in contrast to the logic of how CD work. Basically, investors expect to get a higher yield for the longer term since they require a longer commitment and offer less flexibility. 

However, according to the current market expectations, the market expects the FED rate will be lowered in the medium term, therefore rewarding investors with a lower yield compared to the short term. The 1-year CD offers a higher yield almost overall since banks expect the current FED rate  ( 5.25% – 5.50% as of May 2024), which will not change dramatically in the visible range.

We can see the largest rate difference between 1-year and 5-year CDs happens in banks such as Discover, Live Oak, and American Express. On the other hand, financial institutions such as Ally Bank, Fidelity, Capital One, and Syncheony offer some of the lowest differences in rates.

For most depositors, a minimum deposit of at least $1,000 is typically required by the majority of banks and credit unions, which is considered quite reasonable.

Financial Institution
1-Year APY
5-Year APY
Min Deposit
4.80%
4.00%
$0
4.90%
4.00%
$0
5.25%
4.15%
$1,500
4.95%
3.75%
$2,500
4.20%
3.50%
$1,000
5.01% – 5.06%
3.51% – 3.56%
$5,000
5.40%
5.25%
$1,000
5.30%
5.20%
$1,000
5.00%
N/A
$1,000
4.95%
4.00%
$2,500
5.00%
3.95%
$1,000
5.00%
2.00%
$2,500
5.15%
4.00%
$2,500
4.50%
3.90%
$0
4.90%
4.00%
$500
4.95%
4.05%
$25,000
2.00% – 3.00%
2.00%
$500
4.30% (13 months)
0.03%
$1,000
2.00%
2.50%
$1,000
4.00%
3.00%
$0
5.20%
N/A
$1,000
4.55% (11 months)
1.49%
$250
4.00%
3.00%
$50
5.15%
4.00%
$1,000
5.40%
N/A
$100,000

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Compare 5-Year vs. 1-Year Early Withdrawal Fees

An early withdrawal fee on a CD is a penalty charged by the bank or financial institution if you withdraw funds from the CD before the maturity date. Ultimately, this is a very important factor, especially if you are looking for a long-term CD such as 5 years, but can also be relevant if you lock your money for a shorter time such as 1 year.

Keep in mind that for most financial institutions, you won't incur a penalty that is higher than the amount of interest you earned. This means, if the penalty is 270 days of interest, but you withdraw your money after 180 days, the penalty will be 180 days of interest.

There is a significant difference in early withdrawal fee between banking and credit unions. For 1 year CD, you can the lowest penalty on State Bank of Texas (30 days of interest) and also on Ally Bank and Consumers credit unions (60 days of interest). On the other hand, American Express (270 days of interest), Discover bank, Synchrony bank, Marcus, and Bank Of America (6 month/ 180 days of interest) and Lending Club (100% of interest earned) offer some of the largest penalties if you withdraw your funds .

When it comes to 5 year CD, you can find the lowest early withdrawal penalty with Consumers credit union (120 days of interest) and Ally (150 days of interest). The highest penalties incurred by American express (540 days), Lending Club (100% of interest earned) and Discover Bank (18 months of interest).

Although brokered CDs do not carry a penalty, the deposited amount may incur fees and other costs based on the specific amount.

 
Financial Institution
1-Year CD
5-Year CD
180 days of interest
365 days of interest
3 months interest
6 months interest
180 days simple interest
365 days simple interest
6 months interest
18 months interest
365 days / 30% of dividends (The lower)
365 days / 30% of dividends (The lower)
90 days of dividends
365 days of dividends
Fees, based on the amount
Fees, based on the amount
Fees, based on the amount
Fees, based on the amount
Fees, based on the amount
N/A
90 days of interest
180 days of interest
25% of total interest earned
25% of total interest earned
90 days of interest
180 days of interest
100% of interest earned
100% of interest earned
60 days of interest
150 days of interest
180 days interest
180 days interest
180 days of interest
270 days of interest
90 days of interest
180 days of interest
180 days of interest
180 days of interest
180 days interest
365 days interest
270 days interest
540 days interest
90 days of interest
N/A
60 days of interest
120 days of interest
90 days of dividends
180 days of dividends
30 days of interest
N/A

Should I Consider 1 Year or 5 Year CD?

Choosing a 5-year CD over a 1-year CD can make sense in certain situations, depending on your investment goals and financial situation. Here are some reasons why you may want to consider a 5-year CD:

  • Lock High Interest Rates: Generally, if you expect the interest rate will decrease and want to lock your money in a higher interest, 5-year CDs may be a good idea. This means you can earn more money over the long-term, which can be beneficial if you're looking to grow your savings.

  • Peace Of Mind: If want to “set and forget” you CD for the long run and in case you have a long-term savings goal, such as saving for a down payment on a house or a child's college education, a 5-year CD may be a good option. 

However, there are also some reasons why you may want to choose a 1-year CD instead of a 5-year CD. For example:

  1. Liquidity: If you need access to your money before the end of the CD term, a 1-year CD may be a better option. While you will still face an early withdrawal penalty, the penalty will be lower than for a 5-year CD.

  2. Interest Rate Suppose To Increase: If interest rates rise during the term of your CD, you may miss out on the opportunity to earn higher interest rates. By choosing a 1-year CD, you have the flexibility to re-invest your money in a higher-rate CD when your term ends.

In summary, choosing a 5-year CD over a 1-year CD can make sense if you're looking to lock higher interest rates and need a peace of mind for long-term savings goals. However, if you prioritize liquidity and flexibility, a 1-year CD may be a better option for you. It's important to weigh the pros and cons of each option and consider your personal financial situation before making a decision.

Compare CD Rates

Picture of Baruch Mann (Silvermann)

Baruch Mann (Silvermann)

Baruch Silvermann is a financial expert, experienced analyst, and founder of The Smart Investor.  Silvermann has contributed to Yahoo Finance and cited as an authoritative source in financial outlets like Forbes, Business Insider, CNBC Select, CNET, Bankrate, Fox Business, The Street, and more.
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